Gingivitis is a common in the UK, and across the entire world, and is the first and mildest form of gum disease that you can get. It is both treatable and with good oral hygiene you will find that if you have gingivitis or are worried about getting it, it can easily be reversed. Gum disease will occur generally when plaque and bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth accumulates and hardens over time. This bacteria is what can cause damage to the gum tissue over time, and it often occurs when a person carries out infrequent brushing and flossing, as well as irregular visits to the dentist. There are a number of factors that can contribute towards gingivitis, and according to the American Academy of Periodontology these include smoking or chewing tobacco, stress, inadequate nutrition, diabetes, substance abuse and various medications.
Symptoms Of Gingivitis
There are a range of symptoms that you will find with gingivitis, however most people are unaware due to the disease being relatively painless. Some of the most common symptoms will include swollen gums, soft puffy gums, receding gums, tender gums, bleeding gums when flossing or brushing, and a change in gum colour from pink to red, along with bad breath.
What Happens If Gingivitis Is Left Untreated?
If gingivitis is left over a long period of time, it could ultimately lead to a more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This can irritate the gums, triggering the immune system to produce bacteria-fighting elements that will attack the infection, but will also attack bone and tissue responsible for supporting the teeth. Ultimately, gaps and spaces will begin to form in the gums, and will become infected and deepen over time. Eventually, when there is insufficient amount of bone left to support the teeth, they will begin to feel loose and will ultimately have to be removed. Despite this, you may find that periodontitis actually has very mild symptoms, which is why it is important to keep up a good dental care routine in order to prevent this.
There are a few different steps that you can take when it comes to preventing gingivitis, which will ultimately fight against a more severe form of gum disease which may have very serious consequences if left untreated. Visiting your dental health care professional on a regular basis is the first step to helping to prevent gingivitis, and with a thorough professional cleaning and check-up you may find that this is enough to tackle any minor forms of the disease. On top of this, it is important that you carry out a good dental care regime from home, using some of the best electric toothbrushes, as well as not forgetting to floss and use mouthwash. It is important that you brush your teeth at least twice a day, particularly before you go to bed. You can also use an antimicrobial toothpaste if you believe that you have Gingivitis or it has been recommended by the dentist.
Actively cleaning your teeth, maintaining a good oral care regime and going to your dental maintenance appointments are important, and are the best ways to ensure that gingivitis doesn’t spread and develop into something more serious.